The minimum land area recommended for forest cover to maintain proper ecological balance in India is : (a)25% (b)33%  (c)43% (d)53% Ans.(b)For proper ecological balance 33% of forest land is recommended, but in India we have only 20.14% of forest coverage.
The first marine sanctuary in India, within its bounds coral reefs, mollusca, dolphins, tortoises and various kinds of sea birds, has been established in: (a)Sundarbans (b)Chilka Lake (c)Gulf of Kutch (d)Lakshadweep Ans.(c)Gulf of Kutch in 1980, 270 km from Obha to Sadiya.
The sea coast of which one of the following states has become famous as a nesting place for the giant Olive Ridley turtles from South America? (a)Goa (b)Gujarat (c)Orissa (d)Tamil Nadu Ans.(c)The sea coast of Orissa is famous as a nesting place for giant olive Ridley turtles from South America.
Match List I (National Park/Sanctuary) with List II (State) and select the correct answer using the codes given below: List-IList-II A Kanger Ghati National 1.Chhattisgarh Park B.Nagerhole National2.Haryana Park C.Kugti Wildlife Sanctuary3.Himachal Pradesh D.Sultanpur Bird Sanctuary4.Karnataka Codes : (a)A-3; B-2; C-1; D-4 (b)A-1; B-4; C-3; D-2 (c)A-3; B-4; C-1; D-2 (d)A-1; B-2; C-3; D-4 Ans.(b)National Park/ Sanctuary A.Kanger Ghati National Park-Chhattisgarh B.Nagerhole National Park-Karnataka C.Kugti Wildlife Sanctuary-Himachal Pradesh D.Sultanpur Bird Sanctuary-Haryana
Match List-I (Biosphere Reserve) with List-II (States) and select the correct answer using the codes given below: List-IList-II A.Similipal1.Sikkim B.Dehong Deband2.Uttaranchal C.Nokrek3.Arunachal Pradesh D.Kanchenjunga4.Orissa 5.Meghalaya Codes: (a)A-1; B-3; C-5; D-4 (b)A-4; B-5; C -2; D-1 (c)A-1; B-5; C-2; D-4 (d)A-4; B-3; C-5; D-1 Ans.(d)Similipal biosphere reserve is in Orissa. Dehong Deband biosphere reserve is in Arunachal Pradesh, Nokrek biosphere reserve is in Meghalaya and Kanchenjunga biosphere reserve is situated in Sikkim. Amongst the following Indian States which one has the minimum total forest cover? (a) Sikkim(b)Goa (c)Haryana (d)Kerala Ans.(c)Haryana has 6.83% of area is forest cover area of the total land coverage, whereas Sikkim has 36%, 38.5% in Goa and 28.9% of Kerala has forest area of their total land mass.
Consider the following statements: 1.The forest cover in India constitutes around 20% of its geographical area. Out of the total forest cover, dense forest constitutes around 40%. 2.The National Forestry Action Programme aims at bringing one third of the area of India under tree forest cover. Which of the statements given above is/are correct? (a)1 only (b)2 only (c)both 1 and 2 (d)Neither 1 nor 2 Ans.(b)Out of the total forest cover, dense forest constitute around 2.54%; very dense forest and 8.77% are moderately dense forest. National Forestry Action Programme aims a long term plan to achieve the target of 33% forest cover.
Which one of the following is not a Biosphere reserve? (a)Agasthyamali (b)Nallamalai (c)Nilgiri (d)Panchmarhi 110.(b)Nallamalai is not a biosphere reserve. It is hill of Eastern ghats which stretches over Kurnool, Mahabubnagar, Guntur and Kadapa districts of the state of Andhra Pradesh.
Consider the following statements: 1.Silent Valley National Park in the Nallamalai range. 2.Pathrakkadavu Hydroelectric project is proposed to be built near the Silent Valley National Park. 3.The Kunthi river originates in Silent Valley's rainforests. Which of the statements given above is/are correct? (a)1 and 3 (b)2 only (c)2 and 3 (d)1, 2 and 3 Ans.(c)Silent Valley National Park is situated in Nilgiri Hills of Western Ghats. The park is bound by Attappadi reserved forest to the east and vested forest of Palaghat division and Nilamber division to the south-west respectively.
Match List-I with List-II and select the correct answer using the codes given below the lists: List-I (National ParkList-II (State) /Wildlife Sanctuary) A.Bondla Wildlife Sanctuary1.Orissa B.Kangerghat National Park2.Assam C.Orang Sanctuary3.Chhattisgarh D.Ushkothi Wildlife 4.Goa Sanctuary 5. Tripura Codes : (a)A-2; B-1; C-5; D-3 (b)A-4; B-3; C-2; D-1 (c)A-2; B-3; C-5; D-1 (d)A-4; B-1; C-2; D-3 Ans.(b)National Park/ Wildlife Sanctuary Bondla Wildlife Sanctuary- Goa Kangerghat National Park- Chhattisgarh Orang Sanctuary- Assam Ushkothi Wildlife Sanctuary- Orissa.
Match List-I (National Park/Wildlife Sanctuary) with List-I) (Nearby Town) and select the correct answer using the codes given below the lists: List-I List-II (National Park/(Nearby Town) Wildlife Sanctuary) A.Chandra Prabha1.Jaipur B.Karera2.Jhansi C.Jaisamand3.Agra D.Nahargarh4.Varanasi 5.Udaipur Codes : (a)A-4; B-4; C-1; D-1 (b)A-5; B-2; C-3; D-1 (c)A-4; B-2; C-5; D-1 (d)A-5; B-1; C-3; D-2 Ans.(c)
Which one of the following is also known as Top Slip?  (a)Ismlipal National Park (b)Periyar Wildlife Sanctuary (c)Manjira Wildlife Sanctuary (d)Indira Gandhi Wildlife Sanctuary and National Park 129.(d)Indira Gandhi Wildlife Sanctuary and National Park is known as top slip. It is a part of Western Ghats is located above 300 metres from the sea level on the Anamalai mountain ranges.
Which one of the following is located in the Bastar region?  (a)Bandhavgarh National Park (b)Dandeli Sanctuary (c)Rajaji National Park (d)Indravati National Park Ans.(d)Indravati National Park is located in the Bastar region. The park is situated at the distance of 97.4 km Bastar.
Consider the following statements: 1.In India, Red Panda is naturally found in the Western Himalayas only. 2.In India, Slow Loris lives in the dense forests of the North East. Which of the statements given above is/are correct? (a)1 only (b)2 only (c)Both 1 and 2 (d) Neither 1 nor 2 141.(b)Red Panda is found in mountains of Nepal, north-eastern India, China, Bhutan and Slow Loris lives in dense forest of north-east, dense forest of Assam. Red Panda is found in Eastern Himalayas, China, Bhuan and slow loris in the dense forest of north-east Assam.
Out of all the biosphere reserves in India, four have been recognized on the World Network by UNESCO. Which one of the following is not one of them? (a)Gulf of Mannar (b)Kanchenjunga (c)Nanda Devi (d)Sunderbans Ans.(b) 149.(b)Omkareshwar Project is associated with Narmada river.
Consider the following statements: 1.Salt-water crocodile is found in the Andaman and Nicobar Islands. 2.Shrew and Tapir are found in the Western Ghats of the Malabar region. Which of the statements given above is/are correct? (a)1 only (b)2 only (c)Both 1 and 2 (d)Neither 1 nor 2
Ans.(c)Salt water crocodile was common and found throughout the Andaman and Nicobar Islands living in the mangrove habitats. Shrew and Tapir are found in western ghats of the Malabar region.
Which one among the following has the maximum number of National Parks? (a)Andaman and Nicobar Islands (b)Arunachal Pradesh (c)Assam (d)Meghalaya Ans.(a)Andaman and Nicobar has 9 national parks; Assam has 6, Arunachal Pradesh and Maghalaya both have 2 each. Consider the following regions: 1.Eastern Himalayas 2.Eastern Mediterranean region 3.North-Western Australia Which of the above is/are Biodiversity Hotspot(s)? (a)1 only (b)1 and 2 only (c)2 and 3 only (d)1, 2 and 3 Ans.(b)Eastern Himalayas and Eastern Mediterranean region are Biodiversity hotspots. South west part of Australia has hotspots.
In India, which one of the following states has the largest inland saline wetland? (a)Gujarat (b)Haryana (c)Madhya Pradesh (d)Rajasthan Ans (d)Rajasthan has the largest inland saline wetland, area of Sambhan Salt lake.
Consider the following statements: 1.The boundaries of a National Park are defined by legislation. 2.A Biosphere Reserve is declared to conserve a few specific species of flora and fauna. 3.In a Wildlife Sanctuary, limited biotic interference is permitted. Which of the statements given above is/are correct? (a)1 only (b)2 and 3 only (c)1 and 3 only (d)1, 2 and 3 Ans.(c)The fix boundary of a National Park is described in the Wildlife Protection Act, 1972. The legislation states the actual area of the National Park which is notified by the state government. A biosphere reserve conserves an ecosystem and not just few specific species of plants and animals.
Consider the following pairs: Protected area Well-known for 1.Bhiterkanika, Odisha……Salt Water Crocodile 2.Desert National Park,……Great Indian RajasthanBustard 3.Eravikulam, Kerala……Hoolak Gibbon Which of the pairs given above is/are correctly matched? (a)1 only (b)1 and 2 only (c)2 only (d)1, 2 and 3 Ans.(b)Hoolak found in North eastern reigon of India. It covers 38% of the forest area. Hoolak Gibbon is found in North Eastern region of India.
A particular State in India has the following characteristics :[2012 - I] 1. It is located on the same latitude which passes through northern Rajasthan. 2.It has over 80% of its area under forest cover. 3.Over 12% of forest cover constitutes Protected Area Network in this State. Which one among the following States has all the above characteristics? (a)Arunachal Pradesh (b)Assam (c)Himachal Pradesh (d)Uttarakhand 192.(a)Arunanchal Pradesh
With reference to the wetlands of India, consider the following statements :[2012 - I] 1. The country’s total geographical area under the category of wetlands is recorded more in Gujarat as compared to other States. 2.In India, the total geographical area of coastal wetlands is larger than that of inland wetlands. Which of the statements given above is/are correct? 1 only(b)2 only (c)Both 1 and 2(d) Neither 1 nor 2 Ans.(a)The countries total geographical area under the category of wetlands is more in Gujarat as compared to other states. India has 60% of in land wetland out of total wetland.
Consider the following pairs:[2013 - I] National ParkRiver flowing through the Park 1.Corbett National Park:Ganga 2.Kaziranga National Park:Manas 3.Silent Valley: National Park:Kaveri Which of the above pairs is/are correctly matched? (a)1 and 2(b) 3 only (c)1 and 3 (d)None of these Ans.(d)Through Corbett National Park Ramganga flows(not Ganga) which is a tributary of Ganges. Through Silent Valley National Park river Bhavani flows which is a tributary of Kaveri. Kaziranga and Manas are both national parks.
Consider the following pairs :[2014 - I] WetlandsConfluence of rivers 1.Harike Wetlands :Confluence of Beas and Satluj/Sutlej 2.Keoladeo Ghana :Confluence of National Park Banas and Chambal 3.Kolleru Lake:Confluence of Musi and Krishna Which of the above pairs is/ are correctly matched? (a)1 only (b)2 and 3 only (c)1 and 3 only (d)1, 2 and 3 Ans.(a)Harike Wetlands is at Confluence of Beas and Satluj/Sutlej. The Keoladeo National Park formerly known as the Bharatpur Bird Sanctuary in Bharatpur is at the confluence of two rivers, the Gambhir and Banganga. Kolleru Lake is one of the largest freshwater lakes in India located in state of Andhra Pradesh. Kolleru is located between Krishna and Godavari delta.
Assertion (A) : The frequency of floods in north Indian plains has increased during the last couple of decades. Reason (R) : There has been a reduction in the depth of river valleys due to deposition of silt.  (a) Both A and R are true and R is the correct explanation of A (b)Both A and R are true but R is not a correct explanation of A (c)A is true but R is false (d)A is false but R is true Ans.(a)Siltation is the process of deposition of silt on the river bed through rain water, by which the depth of the river reduces. The flood water crosses the river embankment, by which flood occurs in most part of north India.
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